The prostate

  • The prostate is a small gland, about the size of a walnut, found only in men.

  • It sits just below the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra, the tube that takes urine from the bladder to the penis to be discharged from the body.

  • The prostate produces part of the fluid that makes up semen.

  • The growth of the prostate depends on the male sex hormone, testosterone, which is made by the testes.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer, which generally affects men over the age of 50, is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths among men in Hong Kong*. It differs from most other cancers in the body because small areas of cancer within the prostate are very common and may remain unchanged for some time before they begin to grow.

*Source: Hong Kong Cancer Registry, Hospital Authority 2023 (figures from 2021)


Early detection of prostate cancer means there is a better chance of recovery. You should be checked regularly if:

  • You are over 50 years of age

  • Your family has a history of prostate cancer

For more information, visit our prostate cancer awareness website here.

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